Sepsis is a serious condition that happens when the body’s immune system has an extreme response to an infection causing damage to its own tissues and organs.
Sepsis can affect anyone, but people who are aged, veritably youthful, pregnant, or have other health problems are at advanced threat.
“Common signs of sepsis are fever, fast heart rate, rapid breathing, confusion, and body pain. It may lead to septic shock, multiple organ failure, and death. Sepsis is usually caused by bacterial infections but sometimes other infections such as viruses, parasites, or fungi may result in sepsis,” says Dr. Rupali Suryawanshi, Head Hospital Infection Control Department, Ruby Hall Clinic.
Treatment for sepsis requires medical care. It will include the use of antimicrobials, intravenous fluids, and careful monitoring.
Dr Suryawanshi adds, “Sepsis acquired in health care settings is a well-known adverse event and affects millions of patients worldwide every year. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are caused by organisms that are often resistant to commonly used drugs and can rapidly lead to clinical deterioration. Antimicrobial resistance is a major factor accounting for clinical unresponsiveness to treatment and rapid evolution to septic shock, and multi-organ failure.”
Dr Suryawanshi believes, “Implementing preventive measures against infections such as good hygiene practices, improved sanitation, availability of good water quality, vaccination, and implementation of other infection prevention/control practices both in the community and health care settings, are key steps in reducing the occurrence of sepsis. Thus, early diagnosis, timely and appropriate clinical management such as optimal antimicrobial use are crucial factors for survival from sepsis.”