Has India delivered on its ambitious agenda and raised the bar for others?
With over 112 outcomes and presidency documents, our G20 presidency has been one of the most ambitious in history. These are 2-5 times more than previous presidencies. India has more than delivered on the agenda. We have delivered on issues of global importance such as sustainable development goals, climate action, growth, technological transformation and women-led development. With 83 paragraphs, all agreed to by 100% consensus, we have matched ambition with action during our presidency.Read more: G20 Leadership Summit: Prime Minister Modi calls for end to global trust deficit
How did you achieve consensus?
Our presidency has been ambitious, decisive and action-oriented right from the beginning. The G20 India team has put in significant effort to steer conversations with all members. We received exceptional support from the developing nations and emerging markets. I must also thank PM Modi for his clarity of vision which became a driving force for our presidency towards consensus.
Also Read: G20 Declaration embodies ‘One Family, One Earth, One Future’ vision: N Chandrasekaran What are the big gains for India?
India has been able to push its domestic initiatives and successes through our cross-cutting G20 priorities and outcomes. This has enabled us to showcase the India narrative with full consensus with all the G20 countries, invitee countries and IOs. These include:
LiFE – democratising climate action through individual lifestyle changes; millets – Shree Anna, global recognition for this climate smart superfood; women-led development – we have shifted the narrative to development led by women; and Digital public Infrastructure – our template of powering development through technology is now a global success story.
We have also ensured a big step towards food, fuels and fertilisers security through green hydrogen, global biofuels alliance, and Deccan HLPs on Food Security and Nutrition.
We have made some big diplomatic gains by garnering consensus in these geopolitically turbulent times. This is a key testament to India’s leadership of G20 and global stature.
There are concerns that the para on Ukraine war has been diluted. Are these valid concerns?
The language is stronger than Bali. Our position has been clear – the G20 exists as a body for international economic cooperation. Yet, we also acknowledge that the war in Ukraine has impacted the global economy – especially in regard to global food and energy security, supply chains, macro-financial stability, inflation and growth, especially important for the developing world. We have reaffirmed that all states must act in a manner consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter in its entirety. In line with it, all states must refrain from the threat or use of force to seek territorial acquisition against the territorial integrity and sovereignty or political independence of any state. The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible.
We have sent a strong signal that we welcome all relevant and constructive initiatives that support a comprehensive, just, and durable peace in Ukraine that will uphold all the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter. We have also called for resumption of immediate and unimpeded deliveries of grain, foodstuff and fertilizers/inputs from the Russian Federation and Ukraine, crucial for the developing world.
Did the absence of Russian and Chinese presidents at the summit have any impact on the discussions?
Both Russia and China were active participants at the Leaders’ Summit, Sherpa meetings and also through the various working group meetings, including ministerial meetings. Both countries also participated actively in the Finance Track. The views of both have been adequately reflected in the Leaders’ Declaration. I had the opportunity to build a great personal equation with the Chinese G20 delegation and that helped us build consensus on many issues. They came on board for Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, LiFE and more. China is a multilateral player and made substantial contributions which enriched India’s G20 agenda.