Jaishankar was speaking in US at a think tank event titled ‘South Rising: Partnerships, Institutions and Ideas’.
“Those who are occupying positions of influence, we see this in the UN Security Council most of all, are resisting the pressure to change. Those who are economically dominant today are leveraging their production capabilities and those who have institutional influence or historical influence have actually weaponised a lot of those capabilities as well,” he said.
In another event, ‘India-UN for Global South: Delivering for Development’ in New York on Saturday, Jaishankar said India does “walk the talk” when it comes to South-South cooperation. The G20 Summit India hosted has reclaimed the platform’s core agenda of global growth and development, he said, and spoke on how the summit laid a foundation to look at development prospects with optimism.
India’s G20 presidency was challenging, owing to “very sharp East-West polarisation and a very deep North-South divide”, he said. “But we were very determined as the presidency of the G20 to make sure that this organisation on which the world really had put so much hope was able to get back to its core agenda,” he added.
Jaishankar laid a particular emphasis on how the development of the Global South was India’s top agenda at the G20 Summit. India has always been a strong supporter of increasing South-South cooperation. This was even more evident as the African Union joined the G20 bloc this year.It is becoming clearer that geopolitics calculation is impacting basic requirements of countries, like food and energy, he said. The minister also affirmed that India would be a partner, contributor and collaborator to deal with development challenges.Jaishankar said G20’s “core agenda was of global growth and development. So, it was appropriate that we started our G20 presidency by convening the voice of the Global South Summit”.
“Now, during the course of that exercise and the deliberations which took place through the various ministerial tracks and engagement groups, it was very clear to us that the Global South, in addition to bearing the consequences of structural inequities and historical burdens, was plagued by the impact of … conflict, tensions and disputes which have stressed and distorted the international economy,” he added.
Jaishankar, along with many other world leaders, is in New York to attend the UN General Assembly. He will address the UNGA on September 26.